|Year : 2022 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 93-94
A study of malaria in Bangladesh
ICMR-National Institute of Malaria Research, Sector 8 Dwarka, New Delhi – 110077, India
|Date of Submission||25-Jul-2022|
|Date of Acceptance||16-Aug-2022|
|Date of Web Publication||23-Nov-2022|
Dr. Arvind Nath
ICMR-National Institute of Malaria Research, Sector 8 Dwarka, New Delhi – 110077
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Background: Malaria still occurs in Bangladesh which is one of the countries of the South-east Asia region. Materials and Methods: The study design included an online search of all data pertaining to Malaria in Bangladesh from the year 2020 onwards. Results: During 2020, 90% of Malaria cases in Bangladesh occurred in just 3 districts of the country. Conclusion: The number of imported cases of Malaria from Bangladesh to India and vice versa would decrease if anti-Malaria measures are stepped up in the respective countries’ border districts.
Keywords: API, Bangladesh, malaria
|How to cite this article:|
Nath A. A study of malaria in Bangladesh. Assam J Intern Med 2022;12:93-4
| Introduction|| |
Bangladesh is in South-east Asia. It is bordered on the north and west and east by India, on the south-east by Myanmar and on the south by the Bay of Bengal [Figure 1].
| Materials and Methods|| |
The study design included an online search of all data pertaining to Malaria in Bangladesh from the year 2020 onwards.
| Results|| |
According to one study, there were 6130 cases of Malaria in Bangladesh during 2020 limited to 13 districts. 90% of this Malaria occurred in 3 districts: Khagrachhari, Rangamati and Bandarban (colored as Red in the map below):
The remaining 10 districts (in yellow and blue) are low endemic. The combined Annual Parasite Incidence (API) of these 13 districts was 0.33.
| Discussion|| |
The Government of Bangladesh’s National Malaria Elimination Program in partnership with a large NGO, Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee (BRAC), is spearheading the Malaria elimination agenda. The districts colored in blue in the above map had their target set for 2021, the districts in yellow have their target set as 2025 and the districts in red have their target set as 2030 [Figure 2].
|Figure 2: Map showing distribution of Malaria in Bangladesh during 2020 [Source: (3)]|
Click here to view
| Conclusion|| |
Movement of people across the Indo-Bangladesh border cannot be prevented. However, if anti-Malaria measures are improved in the districts of Meghalaya, Assam, Tripura, and Mizoram bordering Bangladesh, then the number of imported cases of Malaria from India to Bangladesh would decrease. In the same way, if anti-Malaria measures are improved in the districts of Bangladesh bordering India, then the number of imported cases of Malaria from Bangladesh to India would also come down.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
| References|| |
[Figure 1], [Figure 2]