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 Table of Contents  
SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 93-94

A study of malaria in Bangladesh


ICMR-National Institute of Malaria Research, Sector 8 Dwarka, New Delhi – 110077, India

Date of Submission25-Jul-2022
Date of Acceptance16-Aug-2022
Date of Web Publication23-Nov-2022

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Arvind Nath
ICMR-National Institute of Malaria Research, Sector 8 Dwarka, New Delhi – 110077
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ajoim.ajoim_12_22

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  Abstract 

Background: Malaria still occurs in Bangladesh which is one of the countries of the South-east Asia region. Materials and Methods: The study design included an online search of all data pertaining to Malaria in Bangladesh from the year 2020 onwards. Results: During 2020, 90% of Malaria cases in Bangladesh occurred in just 3 districts of the country. Conclusion: The number of imported cases of Malaria from Bangladesh to India and vice versa would decrease if anti-Malaria measures are stepped up in the respective countries’ border districts.

Keywords: API, Bangladesh, malaria


How to cite this article:
Nath A. A study of malaria in Bangladesh. Assam J Intern Med 2022;12:93-4

How to cite this URL:
Nath A. A study of malaria in Bangladesh. Assam J Intern Med [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Nov 29];12:93-4. Available from: http://www.ajimedicine.com/text.asp?2022/12/2/93/361824


  Introduction Top


Bangladesh is in South-east Asia. It is bordered on the north and west and east by India,[1] on the south-east by Myanmar and on the south by the Bay of Bengal [Figure 1].
Figure 1: Map of Bangladesh [Source: (1)]

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  Materials and Methods Top


The study design included an online search of all data pertaining to Malaria in Bangladesh from the year 2020 onwards.


  Results Top


According to one study, there were 6130 cases of Malaria in Bangladesh during 2020 limited to 13 districts.[2] 90% of this Malaria occurred in 3 districts: Khagrachhari, Rangamati and Bandarban (colored as Red in the map below):

The remaining 10 districts (in yellow and blue) are low endemic. The combined Annual Parasite Incidence (API) of these 13 districts was 0.33.


  Discussion Top


The Government of Bangladesh’s National Malaria Elimination Program in partnership with a large NGO, Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee (BRAC), is spearheading the Malaria elimination agenda. The districts colored in blue in the above map had their target set for 2021,[3] the districts in yellow have their target set as 2025 and the districts in red have their target set as 2030 [Figure 2].
Figure 2: Map showing distribution of Malaria in Bangladesh during 2020 [Source: (3)]

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  Conclusion Top


Movement of people across the Indo-Bangladesh border cannot be prevented. However, if anti-Malaria measures are improved in the districts of Meghalaya, Assam, Tripura, and Mizoram bordering Bangladesh, then the number of imported cases of Malaria from India to Bangladesh would decrease. In the same way, if anti-Malaria measures are improved in the districts of Bangladesh bordering India, then the number of imported cases of Malaria from Bangladesh to India would also come down.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
United Nations 2020. Map of Bangladesh. Available at http://www.un.org/geospatial/content/bangladesh-0 [Last accessed on 25 Jul 2022].  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee (BRAC). Available at http://blog.brac.net/liberating-bangladesh-from-malaria-how-far-have-we-come-in-the-last-50-years/ [Last accessed on 25 Jul 2022].  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Public Library of Science (PLOS). Available at http://speakingofmedicine.plos.org/2022/04/25/is-bangladesh-entering-the-era-of-malaria-elimination/ [Last accessed on 25 July 2022].  Back to cited text no. 3
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2]



 

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  In this article
   Abstract
  Introduction
   Materials and Me...
  Results
  Discussion
  Conclusion
   References
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