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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 14-17

A clinical and bacteriological study on patients presented with acute diarrhea admitted in Silchar Medical College and Hospital, Cachar District, Assam

1 Department of Medicine, Diphu Medical College and Hospital, Diphu, Assam, India
2 Department of Microbiology, Silchar Medical College and Hospital, Silchar, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, Diphu Medical College and Hospital, Diphu, Assam, India

Correspondence Address:
Paramita Roy
Department of Medicine, Diphu Medical College and Hospital, Diphu, Karbi Anglong 782462, Assam
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ajoim.ajoim_22_21

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Background: Acute diarrheal infection is a leading cause of outpatient visits, hospitalizations, and lost quality of life. It is defined as the passage of three or more loose or liquid stools per day. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has estimated 47.8 million cases occurring annually in the United States. According to NFHS-5, the prevalence of diarrhea among under-five children in Assam is 5.5%. Aims and Objective: The aim of this work was to study the clinical and bacteriological spectrum in the recent outbreak of acute gastroenteritis in Silchar Medical College and Hospital. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on patients with diarrhea admitted in the Medicine Department of Silchar Medical College and Hospital for the time period of January 2016 to March 2016. Result: In our study, a total of 327 patients were enrolled. The median age of patients was 36 years with the majority being female and belong to Hindu religion. All were presented with loose stool, followed by vomiting (85%). The most common pathogen isolated from stool was Escherichia coli (71.2%) followed by Klebsiella (16.2%). More than 50% of cases with E. coli infection are resistant to Piperacillin, Doxycycline, while in cases with Klebsiella infection, more than 50% are resistant to Doxycycline followed by Azithromycin. Conclusion: This study may provide valuable information about the clinical features and microbiology of patients with diarrheal diseases to the Medical practitioners which might help in diagnosis and management.

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