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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 24-29

Prevalence of antimicrobial-resistant infection among patients attending Assam Medical College and Hospital, Dibrugarh


1 Department of Community Medicine, Assam Medical College & Hospital, Dibrugarh, Assam, India
2 Department of Epidemiology and Nutrition, ICMR-Regional Medical Research Centre, N.E. Region, Dibrugarh, India
3 Department of Microbiology, Assam Medical College & Hospital, Dibrugarh, Assam, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Gourangie Gogoi
Department of Community Medicine, Assam Medical College and Hospital, Dibrugarh 786002, Assam
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ajoim.ajoim_7_21

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Background: The burden of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is increasing globally at an alarming rate, especially among hospitalized cases. However, there is still lack of knowledge about morbidity and mortality due to AMR infections among different populations. The present study was aimed to provide a brief insight on the prevalence of AMR infection among the patients attending Assam Medical College and Hospital, Dibrugarh, Assam, India. Materials and Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted among the patients admitted in the hospital from April 2018 to April 2019. Blood culture reports of AMR-positive cases were collected from the Microbiology Department and hospitalization records including clinical and demographic data were retrieved from the Medical Records Department. Results: Overall, 251 blood culture reports positive for AMR infection were obtained during the study period. Of this, 96 cases (38.25%, 96/251) were females and 155 (61.75%, 155/251) were males. AMR infection was mostly prevalent among younger age group (0–1 month) with 85.65% (215/251). Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Acinetobacter baumannii, and Klebsiella pneumonia were the most frequently identified AMR pathogens in the study population with 31.47% (79/251), 23.90% (60/251), and 17.93% (45/251), respectively. Conclusion: The identified AMR pathogens were mostly prevalent among young infants and characterized with multidrug resistance. However, the extended study in increased population mostly among hospitalized cases may provide insights for understanding the burden of AMR and associated risk factors.


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